European Union citizens
Matters regarding citizens of the European Union living and working in Lithuania are regulated by the European Union Citizen Act. A foreign national, who is a citizen of one of the Member States of the European Union, European Economic Area and the Swiss Confederation (hereafter referred to as citizens of the European Union) may arrive and stay in the Republic of Lithuania for up to 3 months within a 6 month period starting from the day of his arrival in the Republic of Lithuania. Citizens of the European Union who wish to stay longer than three months or have already been in Lithuania for longer than three months have to register with the Migration Department. Temporary residence permits are issued for periods of up to five years.
Non-European Union citizens
Matters regarding foreigners living and working in Lithuania are regulated by the Law on the Legal Status of Aliens and other legal documents issued by the Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania. A foreigner who intends to work in the Republic of Lithuania must obtain a work permit before entering the Republic of Lithuania. A work permit may be issued to a foreigner if there is no specialist in Lithuania meeting the employer’s qualification requirements.
According to the Order of the Minister of Social Security and Labour No A1 - 118 of 24 April 2006, an alien is exempted from obligation to obtain a work permit when comes to Lithuania to carry out scientific research or take up a teaching position at the institutions of higher education.